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Okinawan Karate Terminology
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Katas - People - Styles - Techniques - Weaponry
Karate Stances - Tachi Waza - 立ち技
Name Kanji Notes
Chikai Nekoashi Dachi 近い猫足立ち Very short Cat Stance
Heiko Dachi 併行立ち Parallel Stance
Heisoku Dachi 閉足立ち Feet Together Stance
Hiza Dachi 膝立ち Knee Stance (Kneeling Stance)
Kiba Dachi 騎馬立ち Horse Riding Stance
Kosa Dachi 交叉立ち Crossed Stance
Musubi Dachi 結び立ち Closed foot stance
Nagai Nekoashi Dachi 長い猫足立ち Longer Cat Stance
Nekoashi Dachi 猫足立ち Cat-foot Stance
Sanchin Dachi 三戦立ち Three Battles Stance (Sunadokei Dachi 砂時計立ち)
Shiko Dachi 四股立ち Square Stance
Shizen Dachi 自然立ち Natural stance (small front stance)
Tsuru Dachi 鶴立ち Crane leg stance
Zenkutsu Dachi 前屈立ち Forward leaning stance

Karate Blocks - Uke Waza - 受け技
Name Kanji Notes
Chudan Uke 中段受け Mid-Level block, blocking with the outside of the wrist
Gedan Uke 下段受け Low-level block
Haishu Uke 背手受け Upside down Ridgehand block
Hiji Uke 肘受け Elbow Block
Jodan Uke 上段受け High Level Block
Juji Uke 十字受け X shaped block
Kakie Uke 掛け受け Hooking Block
Kawasu Uke 交す受け Parry Block
Keito Uke 鶏頭受け Top of the hand block
Kiku Uke 掬受け Scooping Block (From Seiyonchin)
Koken Uke 孤拳受け Top of the wrist block
Kusabi Uke 楔受け Wedge Block
Otoshi Uke 落し受け Dropping Block
Shotei Uke 掌底受け Palm Block
Shuto Uke 手刀受け Knife Hand Block
Soto Uke 外受け Outside Block (Starting from outside going in)
Toraguchi Uke 虎口受け Tiger Mouth Block (aka Mawashi Uke or Enkei Uke)
Tsukamu Uke 掴む受け Catching Block
Ura Uke 裏受け Top of the hand, upside down block

Karate Strikes - Ōda Waza - 殴打技
Name Kanji Notes
Awase Tsuki 合せ突き Front U style punch without leaning
Boshiken Uchi 拇指拳打ち Open hand strike using the thumb knuckle
Choku Tsuki 直突き Straight Punch
Dokuyubi Uchi 毒指打ち Poison finger strike
Enpi Uchi 猿臂打ち Monkey Elbow - Typically a side elbow strike
Gyaku Tsuki 逆突き Reverse Punch (hand is opposite of front leg)
Haito Uchi 背刀打ち Ridgehand strike
Hiji Uchi 肘打ち Elbow Strike
Houmeken Uchi 鳳眼拳打ち Phoenix Eye Strike (first knuckle strike)
Jun Tsuki 順突き Straight punch from side of body
Kisami Tsuki 刻み突き Front Jab punch
Kote Uchi 小手打ち Wrist Strike (Wrist Bash)
Oi Tsuki 追い突き Chasing Thrust (Punch)
Riken Uchi 理拳打ち Backhand strike going from left to right
Tekubi Uchi 手首打ち Back of the wrist strike (going sideways)
Uraken Uchi 裏拳打ち Backhand Strike - Top to Bottom

Karate Kicks - Keri Waza - 蹴り技
Name Kanji Notes
Fumikomi Geri 踏み込み蹴り Stamping kick / Stomping kick / Skip kick
Furi Geri 振蹴り Swinging kick, usually 360°, in Suparinpe
Hiza Geri 膝蹴り Knee strike (Knee kick)
Kaiten Ushiro Geri 回転後ろ蹴り Spinning Back Kick
Kake Geri 掛け蹴り Hook Kick
Kakuto Geri 踵蹴り Heel Kick (mule kick)
Kin Geri 金蹴り Top of the foot groin kick
Kocho Geri 蝴蝶蹴り Butterfly Kick (splits in the air)
Kogan Geri 睾丸蹴り Shin kick
Kotai Geri 交体蹴り Across the Body Kick
Mae Geri 前蹴り Forward Kick - Keage/Kekomi
Mawashi Geri 回り蹴り Around Kick (to kick in a semi-circular fasion)
Muchi Geri 鞭蹴り Whipping Kick
Ono Geri 斧蹴り Axe Kick
Osae Geri 押え蹴り Pushing kick
Oyubi Geri 大指蹴り Big Toe Kick
Sokuto Geri 足刀蹴り Foot Edge Kick
Sune Geri 脛蹴り Full Shin Kick
Tobi Geri 飛び蹴り Jumping Kick
Tobi Yoko Geri 跳び横蹴り Jumping Side Kick
Ushiro Geri 後ろ蹴り Back Kick (Kicking Backwards, behind)
Wangetsu Geri 彎月蹴り Crescent Kick (Crescent moon kick)
Yoko Geri 横蹴り Side kick - keage/kekomi

Karate Technical Terms - 技術用語
Name Kanji Notes
Bunkai 分解 Analysis of move by move / to disassemble
Embusen 演武線 The lines that kata follow (directions)
Hirate 開手 Open Hand (used with blocking, Hirate Jodan Uke)
Hocho 歩調 Cadence
Hojo Kumite 補助組手 Supplimental Kumite drills created by Tamaki Juei Hanshi
Kamae 構え Posture
Keage 蹴上げ Snapping style movement (example Mae Geri Keage)
Kekomi 蹴込 Thrusting style movement (example Mae Geri Kekomi)
Kiten 基点 Beginning and ending point(s) of a kata
Kunren 訓練 Drills/Exercises/Training
Naore 直れ Return to a neutral stance (yoi/shizen tai/Musubi Dachi)
Okugi 奥義 Hidden technique (from kata)
Oyo 応用 Application (How to apply something)
Renraku Waza 連絡技 Combinations or drills that contain contact.
Renzoku Waza 連続技 A group of continuously repeated techniques
Tai Sabaki 体捌き Body movement / Repositioning
Tenketsu 點穴 Pressure Point
Tuite 取手 Taking Hand (To take someone's hand), Handle
Ugoki 動き Movement/Motion - Method of movement
Yoi 用意 Ready Position, not really a set stance or kamae
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